When people hear the term “migraine,” they often think of a headache. However, a true migraine is much worse than just your average headache. Plus, there are different types of migraines other than a common migraine. Bear in mind, however, that the term “complicated migraine,” while once popular, is no longer in use.
With that said, most migraines are throbbing headaches. They typically recur often and are sometimes coupled with nausea, vision problems, and more severe pain on one side of the head than the other.
Fortunately, there are treatment options available for migraines, but to find the best treatment for your situation, you need to understand what type of migraines you are experiencing.
Ocular Migraines – Sometimes Called Retinal Migraines
One of the less common types of migraines is what is known as an ocular or retinal migraine. With this type of migraine, you will typically experience vision issues, such as blind spots or light flashes, in one eye.
For most people, ocular migraines only last for about half an hour. While this is good news, it does not mean that these migraines aren’t serious or annoying. They still warrant care from a doctor experienced in dealing with migraines.
Migraines with Brain Stem Aura
Some migraines are considered migraine aura types, including migraine aura no pain types. One such migraine that falls into the aura category is a migraine with brainstem aura.
People who have this type of migraine will regularly have attacks and symptoms that researchers believed are triggered by the brainstem.
Unfortunately, the symptoms associated with this severe type of migraine are not pleasant. They can include:
- Mental confusion or lack of awareness
- Difficulty with speech, such as slurred speech
- A lack of muscle coordination
- Ringing in the ears and/or impaired hearing
- Double vision or other changes in vision
Obviously, these symptoms can be quite scary, especially when a person experiences them for the first time or without knowing what is causing them. Also, these symptoms can sometimes indicate more serious health issues and may not be related to a migraine at all.
For these reasons, it is imperative that people who experience these symptoms see a doctor right away. By doing so, they can find out if a migraine or something else is to blame for these symptoms, and they can start seeking out treatment options.
The Common Migraine Without Aura
Fortunately, most of the migraines that people experience are not as severe or as frightening as the one described above.
A much more common type of migraine, for example, is a migraine without aura. With this type of migraine, the sufferer will typically experience a throbbing headache on one side of the head that lasts for several hours.
Symptoms that may accompany this type of migraine include:
- Nausea with or without vomiting
- Blurry vision
- Light sensitivity
- Sound sensitivity
- Smell sensitivity
- Neck stiffness
- Shoulder pain
While this type of migraine may not be very painful, it can still cause you discomfort and interfere with your life, which makes it worth checking out with a medical professional.
The Not So Common Hemiplegic Migraine
While the migraine described in the previous section is quite common, the hemiplegic migraine is not. With this migraine, you may experience impaired motor skills, such as body paralysis or muscle weakness, usually confined to one side of the body.
Finding you are suddenly paralyzed can be extremely frightening. If this ever happens to you, however, don’t panic. The good thing about hemiplegic migraines is that they do pass, and the symptoms do as well.
However, the sudden occurrence of these types of migraines warrants a trip to the doctor right away.
Getting Help with Migraines and Their Symptoms
No matter what type of migraines you are experiencing, how frequently, or what the symptoms may be – you deserve to find relief.
The first step in getting that relief should always be to see a doctor who is experienced in handling and treating migraines.
While there may not be a proven cure for migraines, there are things you can do to reduce the pain and severity associated with them, and a doctor will be able to educate you on your best options.
In addition to seeking medical care, you can strive to take good care of yourself. Eating healthily and often, getting enough rest, avoiding excess alcohol and caffeine, and knowing and avoiding your migraine triggers can help you to enjoy a better quality of life.
In fact, by combining medical care and self-care, you can put an end to or at least significantly reduce your migraines for good.
How to Get Rid of Migraines
Migraines are a type of headache that cause pain as real as the pain of a body injury. According to the World Health Organization, this is one of the 20 most disabling medical conditions worldwide. Characterized by throbbing pain, usually confined to one side of the head, migraines tend to get worse with movement. The pain typically lasts from 4 to 72 hours.
There are effective treatments available and helpful ways to find fast relief for different types of migraines.
Just about any over-the-counter pain reliever can provide relief for migraine headaches, also known as tension-type headaches. Medicines that contain only one drug acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin are an effective headache treatment.
Migraine sufferers that have recurring or a chronic tension-type headache, doctors sometimes recommend prescription-strength doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen.
Other Useful Tips
Many headaches can be partially alleviated without medication, which will help minimize your need for pain relievers and reduce your risk of rebound headaches. Here are some helpful ways for migraine attacks:
Put an ice pack on forehead, scalp or neck for pain relief. You can also use a frozen gel pack or a towel rinsed in cold water as an alternative. Doing this reduces the flow of blood.
An ingredient in coffee that can also be found in other foods and drinks, and it can give some mild relief. It also helps the body to absorb migraine drugs faster. But be aware, you can get dependent on your caffeine jolt, which can cause withdrawal symptoms such as fatigue and chronic migraine.
Sleep and Rest Well
A migraine may keep you from falling asleep or wake you up at night. Poor sleeping habits often trigger migraines. You should establish regular sleeping hours and avoid distractions. Sensitivity to light and loud noises can make everything worse.
Do not attempt to do this when you are in the middle of a migraine attack, because it will give you more pain than comfort. When you are feeling better, try a regular workout. Working out can help prevent headaches. Exercise increases your bodies endorphins release. Endorphins are chemicals that fight pain. It also eases stress and is very helpful to sleep better.
Milk, fish, cheese, and chicken contains riboflavin or vitamin B2 which prevent migraine attacks. Your eating habits can influence your migraines so you should be consistent and avoid skipping meals.